1. The Underturn starts with a square top on the header line with full pressure until it touches the baseline, it then turns upwards with a hairline stroke.
2. The Underturn stroke is used in alphabets like ‘a’, ‘u’, ‘i’ etc and for alphabets such as ‘d’, ‘t’ it will have an extended shade of the Underturn starting from the 1AL.
3. The bottom of the Underturn shade is tapered off towards the right side of the stroke to transition to a hairline, therefore, a slight release of pressure towards the end of the stroke will create this tapering.
Things to take note when practising
1. The shade of the Underturn should be at a 55degree angle. You can check the angle by drawing a line on the shade and comparing it with your slant line.
2. The width size of the Underturn should be similar to the width size of 1 oval. If your Ovals has a large width, thus your Underturn will have the same large width and vice versa.
3. Lifting the pen during the transition of shade to hairline is not necessary. In my case, I am used to doing it, therefore you can see that some of the Underturns have a slight gap in between the shade and hairline. You can try both methods and see which is more comfortable for your own writing.
As always, take your time for each practice. Try making one oval at the start of the line and then fill in the remaining with your Underturn. This will help you to check that your Underturns and Ovals are consistent in size.